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DINOSAURS!
(Originally published in October 1993)

Everyone loves dinosaurs! Millions and millions of dollars are spent on dinosaur movies, toys, T-shirts, and in fact, anything about dinosaurs. But let's take a closer look at "dinosaurs" as we know them today. Sure, the fossil bones are real, but the true facts about them have been buried—replaced by theories which are positively stated as "fact" but that are really just that—theories. The sad truth is that the study of these giant fossil bones has, from the beginning, been based on the conjectures of men who have completely discarded any belief in the Biblical record. In fact, these wild theories are today taught as actual reality in our schools and universities. A strategy designed by Satan himself, to discredit the Bible. In Genesis, when God created the animals, He called them, as well as His entire creation "very good," which indicates His complete satisfaction with them. (Gen. 1:20-31.) We are also told that He created all animals to be herbivores, or plant eaters. (v.30). But in time, something happened to His perfect creation, for soon we are told that He repented of ever creating both man and animal: GEN 6:7 "And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them!" And finally, we are told that He did just that—He destroyed "all flesh, wherein is the breath of life," except those people and animals in the ark. And those animals in the ark consisted of 2 unclean and 7 clean of every kind of "fowl," "beast." and "creeping thing" that He had created: GEN 7.14; "They, and every "beast" [living thing] after his kind and all the "cattle" [beast] after their kind, and every "creeping thing" that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every "fowl" after his kind, every "bird" of every sort."

Were Dinosaurs on the Ark?

The key word in the above verse is "kind." The Bible says that God preserved at least 2 of every "kind" of animal that He had created. Many people equate this word "kind" with "species," but we believe it should be equated with the word "genus." To understand these classifications, we will present one simple example. "Feline" is a "genus" classification. The "Feline genus" contains many, many "species", such as lions, panthers, tigers, leopards, the common cat, etc. For a moment, let's assume there were just 2 members of the "feline genus" on the ark. After the flood, these 2 cats and their offspring eventually produced every various species of cat we presently have on the earth today. And there could have been other species of felines on the earth before the flood who were not represented in the gene pool of the 2 cat members on the ark. If this were the case, it would be very likely that fossils of the ‘feline genus" could exist which are today unknown, or "extinct." And sure enough, that's exactly the case. Bones have been found of animals identical to those we have today, but some have been found of species which do not exist today. "Take the classic case that Darwin quotes—the pigeon. He found that if the almost endless varieties of pigeons were allowed to breed together, they went back to the rock pigeon; therefore if there were seven rock pigeons in the ark, there were thousands of varieties potentially preserved. The same may be said about others, e.g., the dog."1

After all, we don't have saber-toothed tigers today, do we? They are an extinct "species," but they are of the "feline genus," which does exist today. The bottom line is simply this—no one knows for sure exactly which species were originally created by God, and which ones are the result of cross-breeding. Scientists may claim that they know, but there is evidence that man prior to the flood had a great knowledge of genetics and were perhaps able to cross-breed and produce animals that would not normally be able to interbreed. It's quite possible that there were not nearly as many animals on the ark as most people think.

So, What Is a "Dinosaur?"

Today everyone is quite familiar with the common concept of these incredible creatures—but the facts are not what people would have you believe. While these giant bones had been known for a long time, it wasn't until the last few hundred years that men began to "theorize" about them. Before that, "The general opinion was that the queer things probably were the bones of animals drowned in the Great Flood—Noah's Flood!" 2 But there have always been those who refused to accept God's truth. These men attempted to find explanations for the things around them. Explanations that their feeble minds could comprehend. They rejected the idea of the Creator. In 1869, Huxley coined a name for this type of thinking, he called it "agnosticism." The doctrine that there is no certain knowledge as to the existence of God, a future life or the essential nature of things. And who were the major adherents of this "new religion"? "...Charles Darwin, Herbert Spencer, Thomas Huxley, and other prominent scientists and men of letters in England and America..." 3As we are all aware that it was Darwin who did the most to promote the idea of evolution, we see that the world today has been essentially "taught" by men who did not and do not believe in God. They believe, in a nutshell, that the earth sprang up from chaos, that this matter evolved into lower life-forms, and over millions of years there were dinosaurs and prehistoric men, and finally, here we are. Evolution became the vogue ideology of the "learned" men. And one of their great evidences for this theory is the dinosaur, whom we are today taught lived millions of years ago. So what are the real facts? The huge fossil bones said to belong to the Dinosauria are truly the largest bones ever found. Most are reptilian and lizard-like "species" that are not found today. But, they belong to "genuses" that do exist today. In fact, most of these bones are almost identical to animals which live today, with the exception of their size. But, this is a fact that you don't hear. Simply put, the dinosaurs were gigantic reptiles and mammals for the most part. But if that's the case, why don't we have them today? Why were they so large back then?

Reptiles Grow In Size as long as they Live

The Bible says that before the flood, men lived as long as 900 years and then some. If men lived that long, why wouldn't the animals? And if they did live that long, note this next fact: "...a reptile has the potential of growing throughout its life..."4 Unlike other animals, the reptile has no "cutoff" mechanism whereby it stops growing in size. So, even if reptiles lived only half as long as pre-flood men, we would have to expect gigantic reptiles before the flood. John MacKay once told me that crocodiles (or was it alligators?) grew at the rate of 20 or so feet per 100 years. If that's the case, there should be giant alligators fossils, right? In 1991, alligator bones were found on the banks of the Amazon River. The skull was almost 5 feet long. Based on this, scientists estimated its height to have been 8 feet and its length 40 feet. "Professor Carl Frailey, from Overland Park, Kansas, said the creature probably weighed around 12 tons. ‘This would make it about a ton heavier than Tyrannosaurus Rex….the mightiest of dinosaur predators,' he said."5 In short, if reptiles today lived longer, they would be "dinosaurs" in a few hundred years.

Other Giant Fossils

What we don't hear about, are all the other giant fossils that have been found. "Giant animal fossils of many different kinds have been found all over the world. A book called Giants From the Past, published by the National Geographic Society, shows many of these huge creatures of the past no longer exist today. Fossil remains of the hornless rhinoceros indicate it was over 17 feet tall. Pigs grew to be the size of cattle; camels were over 12 feet tall; huge birds towered to a height of over 11 feet, giant beavers grew to be the size of a pig; deer antlers measured over 12 feet in width. Ground sloths which grow to the size of an average monkey today, have been found in the fossil record over 18 feet in length."6 Isn't it strange how no one feels compelled to explain where these giants fall in the "geologic time frame?" And not only the animals, but plant life was much bigger, as well as man.

"Dinosaur" bones much thicker than Today's Animals

Galileo, in the 17th century, first pointed out the principle of the "scale effect." A lengthy subject, but one we'll touch on briefly. The "scale effect" concerns simple relationships of length to surface to volume and weight. His diagram here shows that the bones of an animal 3 times the length of a present-day animal would have to increase in density far more than 3 times, in order to support the bulk of the animal due to the gravitational force. He wrote: "...it would be impossible to fashion skeletons for men, horses or other animals which could exist or carry out their functions proportionately when such animals were increased to immense height—unless the bones were made of much harder and more resistant material than the usual, or were deformed by disproportionate thickening, so that the shape and appearance of the animal would become monstrously gross."7

The giant bones of the antediluvians—both men and animals, fulfill Galileo's observations. Scientists don't recognize these massive bones as the same "kinds" of animals we have today because their bones are extremely massive.

Why was Everything so much Bigger

If we go back to the Biblical account, there is some information that is critical to a proper understanding. GEN 2:5 ... for the LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth,...6 But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground. There was no rain before the flood—a mist watered the earth. What this indicates is that the temperature never fluctuated more than 10 or so degrees. If it did, the water would condense into rain. But not only was the temperature moderate and constant, the Bible gives another interesting fact: GEN 1:6; "And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. 7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament and it was so." What does all this mean? The answer is in the next verse: GEN 1:8; "And God called firmament Heaven." This "firmament" is here called "heaven"—does this mean the "Heaven" that contains God's throne? No. That "Heaven" was already God's habitation and in existence when He created the earth. This "firmament" was the atmosphere around the earth. See Psalms 78:26, 104:12, 147:8 where the same Hebrew word for "heaven" is used. What Genesis 1:6-8 tells us is that God divided the earth's water. Some of it was on the earth, while some was set above the atmosphere. And while we don't really know how this entire scenario worked, we do have some basic idea. A water canopy surrounding the earth would result in what is known as a "greenhouse effect." The entire earth would be of the same, constant temperature. Harmful radiation would be filtered out by this canopy. The sun's warmth would be diffused equally over the earth's surface. In other words, the climate would be perfect; growing conditions would be perfect. Life-spans of all living things would be drastically increased due to the filtering out of the harmful radiation. This gives a better understanding of this verse: PSA 67.6; "Then shall the earth yield her increase; and God, even our own God, shall bless us." When the earth is restored to its Edenic state, then will the nutrition again be perfect, complete with the tree of life. And once again, man will grow to the stature God intended him to be: MAL 4:2; "But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings, and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall."

What does the fossil record show? Animals and plants of tremendous size, as well as sub-tropical vegetation all over the world, including Alaska and Siberia. And then we have the dinosaur bones. What effect would this sort of environment have on reptiles? "The ultimate proof that reptilian growth usually works far below maximum capacity comes from what happens when reptiles are kept in cages warmed to their favorite temperature and are continuously provided with food. This turns out to be the only way to accelerate an alligator's rate of growth to the maximum: Keep it warmed all day long, seven days a week, and keep forcing protein rich food into it. Most research scientists couldn't afford to perform such an experiment, but the private sector has come to the rescue. Alligator and crocodile skins sell to a lucrative market for shoes and handbags, and since conservationist measures restricted hunting of wild specimens, enterprising businessmen started to farm them."8 Funny isn't it—the "enterprising" alligator farmers unwittingly helped prove the effect of the pre-flood environment on reptiles accelerated growth.

The Geologic Column

But another theory of our "learned men" has also created confusion—the theory of the geologic column. This "column" is a diagram of the various strata of the earth, assigning ages to the times when the various strata were supposedly deposited. I just love this theory, which of course is not considered a "theory," but actual fact. Why do I love it? Because it proves how gullible man really is. Let me explain. Geologists are taught that the age of a strata is determined by the fossils found in it. OK, so how do you know the age of the fossils? The answer is "by the strata they are found in!" It's all just theory—"circular reasoning," based on the belief in evolution. And its a theory completely riddled with holes.

The real facts of the matter are that the theory of evolution demands evidence of fossils of transitional specimens—"missing links," so to speak. Yet, there are absolutely no transitional specimens to be found anywhere. Most amazing is the fact that Darwin, himself, wrote about this "fly in the ointment': "Long before the reader has arrived at this part of my work, a crowd of difficulties will have occurred to him. Some of them are so serious that to this day I can hardly reflect on them without being in some degree staggered... Why, if species have descended from other species by fine gradations do we not see everywhere innumerable transitional forms…Why then is not every geological formation and every stratum full of such intermediate links? Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely-graduated organic chain and this perhaps, is the most obvious and serious objection which can be urged against the theory......9

Also to be noted is the fact that nowhere does the actual strata of the earth match the "geologic column." And the reason is simple—the theory is totally invalid. The only explanation for the various strata and fossils found in them is the explanation given in the Bible—the flood.

The Flood

The description of the flood in Genesis is incredibly short, but it says enough to let us know what a tremendous catastrophe occurred: GEN 7.11 "... the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened." All the water contained in the earth was "broken up," and the waters above the atmosphere came hurtling down to the earth. Now, if all this doesn't sound particularly violent to you, think again. Before the flood, a tremendous amount of water was suspended above the atmosphere in the "canopy" and also great quantities were in aquifers in the earth. All of this water, most of which is now contained in the oceans, came exploding out and down at the same time, as we read in Genesis 7:11. The force of this cataclysm had to be far greater than any nuclear explosion man could dream of. Then, when it was over with, the entire planet was completely covered in water. All life was extinguished except for those on the ark. The tremendous currents and tidal waves would have had such force that the face of the planet was marred and scarred beyond description. All matter except the bedrock had to have been engulfed in the turmoil. To better understand, if you take a bottle of water, place soil, pebbles, grass, leaves, etc., in it and then shake it up, you can see on a tiny scale what had to have occurred. But, during the flood, it was more than soil, pebbles and grass—it was everything, including animals, men, women and children, homes. Everything on the face of the planet. Nothing would be the same after it was all over.

The Earth During the Flood

Everything on the earth's surface was in liquid suspension, the only thing remaining stable being the bedrock. And in this "earth soup" were the bodies of thousands, perhaps even millions, of "dinosaurs." Some gigantic and some as small as our lizards today. As the turmoil lessened, the debris in the water began to settle. The heaviest and densest materials naturally settled to the bottom first. But, the turmoil was not consistent over the entire planet, so some areas experienced some settling before others did. Also, as the waves and currents traveled continually over the face of the earth, new debris would be washed into some areas after initial settling had begun, producing multiple settlement, or "strata".

The heaviest matter would have included uranium, the heaviest element. As this was deposited at the greatest depth, and more earth and matter settled upon it with great force, the radioactive decay of the uranium, radium and etc., caused tremendous heat at the bottom of the sediments. The rocks were melted at these sites. The water coming in contact with this tremendous heat produced incredible amounts of steam. This volcanic activity caused upheaving of the earth—great mountain chains were upthrusted. Volcanoes spouted lava in great quantities. One effect of this upheaval was that the entire equilibrium of the earth was disturbed. The delicate balance which kept the earth rotating on its axis was interrupted numerous times and the planet shifted its entire bulk, which further thrusted and tore the surface. Evidence that the earth shifted on its axis numerous times in a very short time period is proven by rocks such as magnetite. During their formation, these rocks developed lines within them which aligned with magnetic north. Magnetite specimens have been found which display as many as 10 or more different alignments, proving that during the time that the rock was cooling, the earth changed its magnetic poles at least 10 times.

And during this tremendous cataclysm, some of the huge bodies of the gigantic "dinosaurs" were buried deep in the earth, along with everything else. Due to their density, many were buried in a deeper layer than the lighter animals, but not always. As the currents and waves continued, more debris was deposited, again settling out according to its weight and density. This resulted in a "layering" effect—or strata.

Finally, we read that the rain stopped. GEN 8.1 ".…and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters asswaged; 3…And the waters returned from off the earth continually..." As we mentioned, the story of the flood is extremely short, considering the events which occurred. And therefore, we must know that every word in the account is important. The fact that a "wind" is mentioned as passing over the earth to help dry the waters indicates that this was no little wind. In order for this wind to have any effect on the incredible amount of water on the face of the earth, it would have had to have been greater than any hurricane or tornado we can imagine. It must have been of absolutely incredible force, actually forceful enough to move masses of earth. And as this earth was moved around, some water was able to return back into the earth, and some was evaporated, but the majority of water remained in the incredibly deep chasms that now contain the oceans.

And as the water receded into the earth, the fossilization of the animals buried deep in the earth began.

How the Dinosaur Bones became Fossilized

Have you ever wondered why we don't find plants and dead animals in the process of petrifying today? If, like the evolutionists want us to believe, all the fossils are from thousands and millions of years ago, why don't we see things being fossilized today? Think about this because it's very important. If what scientists tell us is true—that all the fossils in the earth's layers are from various geologic times—why aren't things being fossilized today? The answer is simple. In order for living things to become petrified, certain circumstances must exist. 1. The object must be buried rapidly in order to prevent deterioration through decay and rot. Today, if an animal dies in the forest or jungle, it soon decays away if it isn't first eaten by other animals. It can't possibly petrify unless it is preserved. 2. There must be continual water flow over and around the buried object. Petrification is the replacement of each molecule of the animal bone (for example) by mineral matter—as the water flows over the object, it washes away a molecule. Immediately a tiny mineral molecule plugs the hole left by the washed-away molecule. In this manner, even the cellular structure is sometimes perfectly preserved.

The massive amount of fossils in the earth today could only have been preserved by an incredible amount of water flow over an incredible amount of rapidly-buried plants and animals. Ask any paleontologist to find you bones being petrified today—it just isn't happening. Oh, there may be one or two recent examples, but I guarantee they are as rare as hen's teeth.

Forgeries, Lies and Fantasy

The whole idea of evolution is based on the supposition that there is no God. You read Darwin's own observation about the total absence of transitional forms. Our problem is that we no longer choose to think for ourselves. We have gotten lazy—we sit back and let the "scientist and learned men" tell us what to believe. The "learned men" who believe that life evolved from chaos and evolved over millions of years say that the similarities in different kinds of animals are the result of their evolving from a common ancestor, when in fact these very similarities are staggering proof of a common Creator. I felt literally sick the last time we went to the Smithsonian dinosaur display as I overheard parents telling their children how many millions of years ago each dinosaur lived. And then I got angry as I realized what was happening. Those precious children were being taught that the Bible was a lie. That realization hit me like a ton of bricks in my face. I never felt so helpless as I did that day. How can we expect people to have faith in our precious Jesus if they cannot believe the Word of God?

How Much do the Scientist Really Know?

Have you ever heard of the "Piltdown Man?" Back in 1912, 2 men announced that they had found the so-called missing link between ape and man. Their evidence was a few pieces from a skull, a piece of a jaw, some teeth and a few other fragments. It wasn't until 1953 that the whole affair was exposed for the elaborate hoax it really was. The fragments turned out to be parts of a human brain case, a piece of the mandible of some sort of ape, fragments of hippopotamus, deer and beaver teeth, and other fragments of elephant, mastodon and rhinoceros. It's a long story, but its now common knowledge and well documented that it was a hoax. And it may seem harmless to you now that its been exposed. But, did you know that over 500 people obtained their Ph.D. by writing their thesis on "the Piltdown Man?" I dare say, no one took back those Ph.D. after it was exposed, and those people taught hundreds of thousands of people.

Then there's the dinosaur evidence. I'll bet most of you think that entire skeletons have been found of all the dinosaurs—after all, that's what you see in the museums and in the science books. But that's not exactly the case: "Many dinosaurs are so poorly known, they have been identified by only a few shed teeth, a tradition fraught with scientific problems. From just a few pointy teeth Troodon formosis...was one of the first dinosaurs named, more than a century ago .... But for a century not much more of Troodon than its teeth were known."10

You would be very surprised and probably shocked if you knew just how little evidence some of these dinosaurs are based on. You can gain a little insight into some of the problems by reading about the early dinosaur hunters. Two of the most prominent of these were Cope and Marsh who searched for the giant fossils in the 1800s. As two of the original "founding fathers" of this new science, they were vicious competitors. They found and named no telling how many new species of dinosaurs, but there were just a few problems with their research. For one, they were so fiercely competitive that they would secretly plant bones in each other's dig sites. If this doesn't seem like such a big deal, you must understand that these dinosaur skeletons don’t come "assembled" except in very rare cases, and then its only portions of the skeleton that are connected. No, dinosaurs are reconstructed from bones found together in an area. Therefore, there's a very good chance that many of the "specimens these men came up with are just not valid. Here's evidence: "When in 1877 O.C. Marsh found the type specimen of Brontosaurus, now in the Carnegie Museum, the original lacked the skull. Marsh assumed that the skull was short and round, like that of the similar but smaller Camarasaurus. For a century, incomplete Brontosaurus skeletons and statues and pictures of the animals as they presumably appeared in life ...were given these bullet heads. Then, it transpired that Brontosaurus actually had a long, narrow skull like that of Diplodicus. It will take years to correct this error everywhere."11 Here's even more evidence that Cope and Marsh really hoodwinked the public with some of their "discoveries:" "The rivalry was heated. Prospectors fought off Indians, fired at each other, hid their finds, and appropriated their rivals' discoveries ... Nearly every find was dubbed a new species. Many of the 136 dinosaur species Cope and Marsh named over the next two decades have since been invalidated."12 Or, how about this: "Another time, Marsh's men, knowing that Cope was spying on them, deliberately mixed the skull of one creature with teeth from another and left them for Cope to find and describe as a new species."13

It should be quite obvious by now that our "knowledge" of dinosaurs isn't based on the most solid evidence. Most bones are found in jumbled piles, with many, many different animals being represented. As we said earlier, nearly complete specimens are extremely rare, which leaves us at the complete mercy of the person "reconstructing" the skeleton. For example, when Gideon Mantell drew his reconstruction of the skeleton of the Iguanodon, he placed the "spike-like" object on the nose, similar to the rhinoceros horn. Later, this was proved to be wrong, but the misconception persisted for many years. They have since placed this "spike" as the thumb, but who knows—this could one day change, too.

But this problem of over-active imaginations didn't end with the old dinosaur-hunters. Take the example of Jim Jensen who only retired in 1985: "But there were other problems with Jensen’s naming of his giants. Though based on prepossessing fossils, these fossils are but fragments from a jumbled quarry. And they could only be contrasted with other fragments of already named but still only partially known dinosaurs."14

Today, everyone loves dinosaurs. But what we see in the museums and science books are not reality. Years ago, Ron remembers seeing a Life Magazine cover which featured a man holding a fossil tooth—the caption went something like this: "From this single tooth, I can reconstruct an entire dinosaur..." And that's closer to the truth than scientists would like to admit. When you go to the museum and view a "Triceratops" skeleton, it's only natural to believe that the skeleton is real, or at least a copy of a real skeleton, right? Think again, as we read this quote about them: "And they are principally known from their skulls. Unlike the pattern for most dinosaurs, for ceratopsids skulls are relatively abundant, their postcranial remains are rare" Not one complete skeleton of the familiar Triceratops is known."15

The bottom line is simply this—"dinosaurs" existed alongside all the other pre-flood animals, most of which were also giants (when they were full grown) compared to the animals of today. But, the fossil bones of the dinosaurs prove that they were animals of the same genuses we have today. Many may be species that no longer survive. But, the only real knowledge we have of them is scant. Most of what you read as "fact" is actually the conjecture of those with vivid imaginations, always seeking to come up with something new and exciting. Yet, these are the very ones who scream the loudest that the Biblical account is the real theory. The real facts—the only ones we can depend on—are that these dinosaur bones are the fossil remains of animals of tremendous size; many of them reptiles which lived in an environment that allowed them to live hundreds of years, continuing to grow in size until their death. The presence of their fossilized bones in the water-laid strata bears the most incredible testimony to their utter destruction at the Hands of their Creator during the great flood.

Footnotes

1. Journal of the Transactions of the Victoria Institute, LXII, 86, by M.C.Edwards; quoted from The Flood, by Alfred Rehwinkel, p. 70.
2. Man, Time and Fossils,, by Ruth Moore, p. 114.
3. The New Larned History, Vol. 1, p. 119.
4. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1984, Vol. 15, p. 279.
5. Creation Exodus-Nihilo, Vol. 14, No. 2.
6. The Bible-Key to Understanding the Early Earth, by McLean, Oakland and McLean, p. 59 & 60.
7. Two New Sciences,, by Galileo Galilei; translated by Stillman Drake, p. 127-128.
8. The Dinosaur Heresies, by Robert T. Bakker, p. 350.
9. Origin of Species, by Charles Darwin, p. 80 & 157; quoted from A Scientific Analysis of Genesis, by Edward F. Blick.
10. Dinosaurs Rediscovered, by Don Lessem, p. 29.
11 . The Day of the Dinosaur, by de Camp and de Camp, p. 121.
12. Dinosaurs Rediscovered, p. 38.
13. The Day of the Dinosaur, p. 223.
14. Dinosaurs Rediscovered, p. 174.
15. Ibid., p. 277.

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